Bolivia is one of only two countries in South America that is land locked and doesn’t share an ocean border. What makes Bolivia one of the most unique countries in the western hemisphere is that it has the highest concentration of Native Americans than any other country. Over 60% of the country’s population are 100% Native American and maintain most of their traditional cultures. Bolivia also shares with Peru one of the highest lakes in the world; lake Titicaca which sits at 10,000 feet (3,000 meters) above sea level. With deep cultural roots and a diverse country sharing rainforest, deserts and high altitude mountains, this is a special place among its neighbors in South America.
The highest capital in the world, parts of La Paz exceed 14,000 feet (4,000 meters) above sea level. This high altitude city has some of the best preserved culture of native Americans than any where else in the new world. A unique place to start is a visit to Mercado de las Brujas, or the Witches Market where you can find everything from mummified animals to more ideal artisan souvenirs.
Some impressive ruins of an ancient city from a pre-Inca civilization lie within a day trip of La Paz. The city of Tiwanaku still holds enormous stone structures and statues that have survived the passing millenniums.
The largest high altitude lake in the world, Titicaca is like a msall ocean that is large enough to support major shipping lanes and trade. More interesting though are the ancient cultures that once existed here as well as the modern peoples from today. Along the shores of lake Titicaca is the city of Copacabana, which is one of Bolivia’s most scenic cities.
Uyuni is the largest salt pan in the world and also home to some of the most unique geographical landscapes in the continent. As a matter of fact, Uyuni contains up to 70% of the world’s lithium reserves and is a major source of income for many Bolivians. Camping and 4×4 trips to the desert are the most popular way to visit Uyuni, and some can even stay at the famous Salt Hotel!
Located in the extreme southwestern part of the country along the border of Chile and Peru, Eduardo Avaroa Park is full of spectacular scenery, wildlife and some interesting geothermal activity. Different lakes of varying temperatures and chemicals provide distinct colors of blues, reds and green.